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Learn About Treatment Types
The path to addiction treatment isn't a straight line, and the process is as individual as the people we're helping. The following topics cover the most common areas of substance abuse rehabilitation and give you a brief overview of what to expect. Don't let the name fool you, AddictionRecoveryy.com can help with the entire range of drug and alcohol treatment phases, not just Rehabs! If you're ready to take the next step and get help for yourself or a family member, call an advisor today. Don't waste another day you could spend getting well.
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What Is Narcotic Abuse?
One of the most frequent reasons people go to the doctor is for pain relief. There are a number of different drugs that can ease pain.
Opioids - also called opiates or narcotics are pain relievers made from opium, which comes from the poppy plant. Morphine and codeine are the two natural products of opium. Synthetic modifications or imitations of morphine produce the other opioids:
- Fentanyl (Duragesic)
- Heroin (street drug)
- Hydrocodone with acetaminophen (Lorcet, Lortab, Vicodin)
- Hydrocodone (Zohydro ER, Hysingla ER)
- Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
- Oxycodone (OxyContin)
- Oxycodone with acetaminophen (Percocet)
- Oxycodone with aspirin (Percodan)
When people use narcotics only to control pain, they are unlikely to become addicted to the drugs. However, opioids provide an intoxicating high when injected or taken orally in high doses. Opioids are also powerful anxiety relievers. For these reasons, narcotic abuse is one of the most common forms of drug abuse in the U.S.
Terms like opioid abuse, drug abuse, drug dependence, and drug addiction are often used interchangeably, but experts define them as follows:
Drug abuse, including opioid abuse, is the deliberate use of a medicine beyond a doctor's prescription. In the case of opiates, the intention is generally to get high or to relieve anxiety.
Dependence occurs when the body develops tolerance to the drug, meaning higher doses are needed for the same effect. In addition, stopping the drug produces drug withdrawal symptoms.
Drug addiction occurs when the person has drug dependence, but also displays psychological effects. These include compulsive behavior to get the drug; craving for the drug; and continued use despite negative consequences, like legal problems or losing a job.
Symptoms of Narcotic Abuse
Signs and symptoms of opioid abuse include:
- Analgesia (feeling no pain)
- Euphoria (feeling high)
- Respiratory depression(shallow or slow breathing)
- Small pupils
- Nausea, vomiting
- Itching or flushed skin
- Slurred speech
- Confusion or poor judgment
Symptoms of Opioid Drug Withdrawal
If a person uses opioids for a long time, they develop physical dependence and tolerance. Usually, opioid abusers will then take more of the drug, to continue to get high. If a person stops using opioids after they become physically dependent on the drug, they will experience drug withdrawal symptoms.
If you or someone you love needs help for a drug addiction and/or alcohol dependency problem, please call an addiction recovery consultant today at: 800-980-3927
Drug withdrawal symptoms from opioids may also include:
- Craving for the drug
- Rapid breathing
- Runny nose
- Nasal stuffiness
- Muscle aches
- Abdominal cramping
- Enlarged pupils
- Loss of appetite
The symptoms of opioid drug withdrawal aren't medically dangerous. But they can be agonizing and intolerable, contributing to continued drug abuse. In general, how severe opioid drug withdrawal symptoms are, and how long they last, depends on how long the person has been abusing opioids and how much they have been taking.
Medicines like methadone, buprenorphine (sometimes combined with naloxone), and naltrexone can be taken in various forms and are used to prevent withdrawal symptoms after a person stops using, a process called detoxification ("detox").
After drug withdrawal is complete, the person is no longer physically dependent on the drug. But psychological dependence can continue. Some people with drug addiction may relapse in response to stress or other powerful triggers.
Dependence vs. Addiction
Controlling pain is the goal when opioids are used medically. Patients or health care professionals should not let fear of addiction prevent them from using opioids for effective pain relief. Knowing the difference between dependence and addiction is important.
People who take opioids for pain relief for extended periods of time may need higher doses to ease their pain. They may develop tolerance to the drug and experience withdrawal symptoms if the medication is abruptly stopped. They become physically dependent on the drug.
Addiction occurs when narcotic abuse becomes compulsive and self-destructive, especially concerning an opioid user's need to use the drug for reasons other than pain relief.
To prevent withdrawal symptoms in people who have become physically dependent on opioids for pain relief, the dose may be slowly lowered over a few weeks. People who are weaned off opioids and are pain free usually don't start taking the drug again or become abusers of narcotics. Opioids used for short-term medical conditions rarely require weaning. In those cases, stopping the medication after a brief period usually doesn't cause withdrawal symptoms.
If you or someone you love is unable to stop drinking alcohol, taking prescription medications or has an illicit drug addiction problem, please speak with an addiction recovery support specialist at: 800-980-3927
Painkillers, Narcotic Abuse and Addiction
Other Abused Drugs
Strictly speaking, most drugs referred to informally as narcotics really aren't. However, two drug classes have some similar effects to opioids, when abused:
Benzodiazepines include alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), and lorazepam (Ativan). Benzodiazepine abuse results in sedation and calm, but tolerance develops rapidly. Withdrawal can result in seizures, unlike opioid withdrawal.
Barbiturates include amobarbital (Amytal), pentobarbital (Nembutal), phenobarbital (Luminal), and secobarbital (Seconal). Barbiturates are also sedating and calming. Withdrawal after continued barbiturate abuse, like benzodiazepine abuse, is medically serious.
In general, benzodiazepines and barbiturates have less pain-relieving effects than opioids. All three drug classes are sedating and anxiety-relieving. Benzodiazepine abuse, barbiturate abuse, and narcotic abuse all produce tolerance and physical dependence over time, and withdrawal symptoms if you suddenly stop taking them.
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Drug Addiction Rehabilitation
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Aftercare And Relapse Prevention
Addiction is a chronic illness that if left untreated gets worse over time. An effective treatment plan should include aftercare support and relapse prevention techniques. If you or someone you love needs help, please call us to discuss effective treatment plans and options.
Drug & Alcohol Intervention
When someone you love is in denial, minimizing their addiction or unwilling to get help, staging a professional intervention is a tool that offers great results when performed by a skillful drug and alcohol intervention specialist.
Withdrawal And Detox
Dependency takes on many forms, both physical and psychological. Find out more about medications and facilities that can reduce cravings and help you treat your addiction problem.
No one succeeds overnight. Find out what options are available for those who need extended support and aftercare programs that can build on the recovery foundation so lasting freedom from addiction occurs.
Everyone can use a helping hand to guide them through the recovery process. Take a moment to speak with an Addiction Recovery Consultant and reclaim your lifetoday! 800-980-3927
Addiction Recovery Insurance Provider Benefits
Allow one of our addiction recovery specialists maximize your available drug and alcohol rehab insurance benefits and pre qualify you or your loved one. With some insurance plans, there may be no out-of-pocket treatment costs. An intake specialist can also quote private substance abuse and or mental health treatment pay options. We work with a vast network of treatment centers around the country to ensure a wide range of options.
Aetna Health Insurance – Serving over 36 million people nationwide, Aetna Health Insurance allows you and your loved ones to utilize in-network benefits for the cost of drug rehab treatment.
Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association – Also known as BCBS, Blue Cross Blue Shield healthcare allows you to utilize your out-of-network benefits for treatment.
UnitedHealth Group Insurance – Many treatment providers are contracted with United Behavioral Health. Utilize your in-network benefits for an addiction treatment program that is unique to your specific needs.
Cigna Health Insurance – Cigna Health Care is recognized globally for its customer care and insurance coverage. You can utilize your out-of-network benefits to help cover the cost of drug rehab treatment.
Humana Health Insurance – Humana provides many forms of insurance coverage and allows you to utilize in-network benefits to cover an addiction treatment program.
Value Options Behavioral Health Care – Value Options is the largest independent behavioral healthcare company in the nation. Many drug and alcohol rehabs will readily accept Value Options’ in-network benefits.
AmeriHealth – Offering nationwide coverage, AmeriHealth insurance is also readily accepted by many drug and alcohol treatment centers for you to utilize your out-of-network benefits. In many cases your insurance can cover most, if not all, of your treatment costs.
ComPsych – ComPsych insurance specializes in behavioral health, the branch that includes alcohol and drug addiction treatment. ComPsych’s in-network benefits may cover the cost for treatment.
GEHA Health Plans – Providing insurance for federal workers, GEHA Health Plans allow you to use your out-of-network benefits for alcohol and drug addiction treatment.
APS Healthcare – APS Healthcare provides multiple plans including behavioral health. APS Healthcare’s out-of-network benefits may cover your drug rehab treatment.
Medical Mutual of Ohio”s out of network benefits may help cover the cost of addiction treatment.
Great West Insurance – Great West Insurance has provided benefits for quality addiction treatment for over 50 years. Many treatment programs have a relationship with Great West and accept their in-network benefits.
PLEASE NOTE: If your Insurance Company was not included, please call us and speak with one of our addiction recovery specialists to find out what your specific provider benefits cover: 800-980-3927